Types of Roof

types of roof

When it comes to roofing, there are many options. These include asphalt shingles, clay or concrete tiles, and slate tiles. A gambrel roof is a symmetrical two-sided roof with a shallow upper portion and steeper lower slope on each side, often found in barns. It is an effective design for maximizing space in a building’s loft but is not ideal for locations with high winds or snowfall.

Gable Roof

The gable roof is one of the most common types found in American homes. According to Roofing Companies these roofs are recognizable by their triangular shape formed by two sloping sides meeting at the top or ridge. This type of roof is usually found on older homes and was featured in the settings of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The House of Seven Gables and Lucy Maud Montgomery’s Anne of Green Gables novels.

Gable roofs offer several advantages. For one, they’re less expensive than other types of roofs because they have a simple design with just two slopes. They’re also easier to construct, so they can be built faster than other roof types. This makes them a great choice for homeowners on a tight budget.

Additionally, gable roofs have reliable water drainage because of their steep slopes. This allows rain and snow to easily slide off the roof, minimizing the risk of leaks. Furthermore, gable roofs can be designed with vents or windows on the ends of the walls to increase attic ventilation. This airflow helps to keep the home cool and hygienic by eliminating condensation buildup and mold growth.

Lastly, gable roofs can be built with dormers to add more space and improve the visual appearance of the home. This option is particularly useful for homeowners who want to make use of their attic as an extra living room, bedroom, or storage area.

Other variations of a gable roof include the jerkinhead and cross gable roofs. The jerkinhead roof features a truncated gable shape, while the cross gable roof has intersecting gable shapes of different sizes and orientations. Another popular variation is the saltbox roof, which combines the best of both gable and hip roofs.

Hip Roof

Hip roofs are known for their sleek appearance and often are associated with higher-end homes. Unlike gable roofs, hip roofs have four inward-facing slopes that make them strong and durable against harsh weather conditions. They are also more resistant to damage caused by high winds, allowing homeowners to avoid costly insurance claims. In fact, many insurers offer discounts for homeowners with hip-roof structures.

There are several variations of the hip roof. One popular variant, called the intersecting hip roof, looks as though a hip roof has been laid over a gable at a 90-degree angle. Another is the dutch gable, which is more of a subtle merge between a gable and hip roof. It has the base of a hip roof with a gable on top, enabling homeowners to use more loft space. Finally, there is the jerkinhead roof, which is similar to an open gable but has a small covering at the very top that’s angled outwards.

When choosing a roof design for your home, consider its building shape as well as what architectural style you’re trying to achieve. If you’re trying to create a more modern look, a hip roof may be a good choice. Conversely, if you’re looking to build a traditional or historic home, a gable roof may be a more appropriate option.

Gable roofs have at least two sloping sides and a triangular end, or a gable, which can be sided with shakes or stone to add visual appeal to the structure. Gable roofs are more economical than hip roofs because they don’t require the same amount of diagonal bracing. Additionally, they have a steeper pitch than hip roofs, allowing for more attic space.

Mansard Roof

Mansard roofs are known for their stately beauty and unique design. They’re often found on historical buildings, especially in cities with many old buildings. They’re also popular among home owners who want to make use of their attic space for more living area. This is due to the fact that the top slope is less steep than other roof types, making it possible to add a room in a more practical way.

They also have the advantage of letting in more natural light into the house, which makes a home feel bigger and brighter. The most popular use of this type of roof is to create an extra room, such as a loft or a master bedroom. But they can also be used to add a sunroom, playroom or bonus room.

The cost of a mansard roof can be quite high, but they’re a great option for people who need more living space and can afford the extra costs associated with this roof style. However, this roof type is not suitable for every climate and it’s difficult to build a home with this roof in a lot of areas because of the permit requirements.

One of the reasons that mansard roofs are so expensive is because they require special roofing materials. They typically feature synthetic shingles, which are made to look like slate or cedar shake shingles. They’re a premium line of shingles, so they’ll be more expensive than standard asphalt shingles. But they’re also much thicker and won’t slide off the vertical sides of a mansard roof. This can lead to more frequent repairs and maintenance, which in turn drives up the cost of a mansard roof.

Saltbox Roof

A saltbox roof is a two-sloped roof that has a higher slope on one side. This style was popular in New England during the 1800s, and you can still see them all over the region today. Its sloping design allows snow to melt faster, and it also deflects the strong winds that often hit the area. It’s not uncommon for saltbox houses to have a second story on the top. There’s even a historic legend that says this roof design was invented as a way to avoid paying an extra tax from Queen Anne, who had created a tax on homes with more than one story.

This type of roof is a little more complicated to build than a gable roof, and that can add to the cost of building. This is because you’ll need to add more lumber for the frame, and you may also need additional materials like roofing shingles. You’ll also have to take into account the fact that this roof design doesn’t offer as much storage space as other house designs.

If you’re considering this type of roof for your home, it’s a good idea to have a professional inspect the structure to make sure it’s safe and sturdy. A professional can also provide you with an estimate for the cost of constructing this type of house, including labor and materials.

To create a saltbox roof in Easy Rafters, select the Saltbox option from the Roof Type dropdown menu and enter the slopes and spans for the front and rear walls. You’ll also need to specify whether you want the front or back common rafters to be different in height from the others.

Spanish Roof

Spanish Roof tiles add a touch of class to any home or historic structure. They also serve a more practical purpose: they reflect solar heat, which can save you money on your cooling costs.

However, there are a few things to keep in mind before you decide to install a Spanish Roof on your home. First, they’re more expensive than other roofing materials like shingles or metal. Additionally, they require a higher roof slope than other types of roofing. And since these tiles can be very heavy, they’ll need to be supported by extra framing.

If you’re considering a Spanish Roof, it’s important to choose a roofing contractor with extensive experience working with these tiles. Ask for references and examples of previous work to ensure they have the skills and expertise to properly install your new roof. Additionally, it’s important to find a roofing contractor who offers a labor warranty.

One of the benefits of Spanish tiles is that they come in a variety of color tones. While most people think of terra-cotta when they picture a Spanish tile roof, modern ceramic and concrete options are available in a range of colors from deep oranges to vibrant reds and luscious greens.

Other tile roofing types include flat shake tiles, which resemble the texture of granulated asphalt shingles or wood shakes. They shed light rains easily but may not be appropriate for areas with heavy, gully-washer rains.

Another option is slate, which has a natural beauty and longevity that can last for over 100 years. While it’s more expensive than clay tile, it is more durable and will withstand unfavorable weather conditions better than other roofing materials.